Figure 1: The 3 Phases of the Stanford Biodesign Process

The 3 phases of the Stanford Biodesign process (3 I’s)—identify, invent, and implement—are outlined, with 2 specific stages performed during each phase. The process is both iterative and cyclical and often requires returning to prior stages and phases as new information becomes available through research. Key activities performed at each stage are detailed below each step in the process.