Central Illustration: Mixed Reality Cardiac Electrophysiology Workflow

Mixed reality allows for the display and interaction with existing displays within the cardiac catheterization suite, including integration with fluoroscopy (top left), electroanatomic mapping systems (top center), electrocardiograms (top right), as well as previously acquired and computed tomography– or magnetic resonance–derived 3-dimensional (3D) anatomic models (middle row). Although augmented reality platforms (bottom left) can show 2-dimensional (2D) data unobtrusively, mixed reality platforms (bottom center) allow for hands-free 2D and 3D visualization as well as direct sterile control of these data without otherwise obstructing the normal visual field, as in virtual reality (bottom right).



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