Figure 3: Comorbidity and Shared Genetic Architecture Between Hypertension and Coronary Artery Disease

(Top) Example of disease comorbidity networks for coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension (HTN), with comorbid diseases ascertained from Mount Sinai Hospital’s electronic health record data arranged around the central node. Distance from the central node is proportional to comorbidity odds ratio. We calculated comorbidity from ICD-9 codes using a logistic regression model controlling for age, sex, and self-reported ethnicity. Due to space limitations, we only show disease comorbidities with odds ratio ≥2. (Bottom) Networks of shared genetic architecture between CAD and HTN and other diseases, with shared genetic architecture defined as shared genome-wide association studies (GWAS) loci (gene level) between the 2 diseases. We compiled all data from GWASdb version 2 (August 2015) (159) and associated genes to a disease if they were GWAS threshold significant (p < 5 × 10−6) and conferred an increased risk. We calculated shared genetic architecture using a 1-sided Fisher exact test. Distance from central node is proportional to odds ratio. DNA = deoxyribonucleic acid.