Figure 1: None

(A) Schematic representation of the endogenous APOE locus, the gene targeting vector and the targeted APOE locus. The exons of the endogenous porcine APOE gene are shown as black boxes. Expression of the neor cDNA cassette is driven by a PGK promoter, whereas expression of the zeor cDNA cassette used for bacterial selection is driven by an EM7 promoter. A region of 295 bp in APOE, comprising the entire exon 3 and its flanking regions, is upon successful gene targeting replaced by the PGK-neor-EM7-zeor cassette resulting in a targeted DNA-fragment of 5,530 bp when XmnI-digested genomic DNA is hybridized with the APOE- or neor-specific probe. Positions of the PCR screening primer pairs F1/R1 and F2/R2 are indicated by small horizontal arrows. XmnI restriction sites are indicated by vertical arrows and Southern blot probes (APOE probe and neor probe) are illustrated as black horizontal bars. (B) Representative Southern blot of genomic DNA isolated from cloned APOE+/− Yucatan minipigs. XmnI-digested genomic DNA was electrophoresed, blotted on to a nitrocellulose membrane, and hybridized with the APOE probe resulting in a 5.5 kb and a 11.9 kb band representing the targeted and the wild-type allele, respectively (upper panel). The genomic DNA was also hybridized with the neor probe, detecting the neor cassette, yielding only the expected targeted 5.5 kb band (lower panel). Lanes 1-6: Genomic DNA from representative cloned APOE+/− Yucatan minipigs. Lane 7: Yucatan APOE+/+ control minipig. (C) Reverse transcriptase PCR. Total RNA was isolated from liver tissue and used for first strand cDNA synthesis. RT-PCR was performed using primers specific for the APOE exon 3 region or the porcine β-actin gene ACTB. PGK = phosphoglycerate kinase; PCR = polymerase chain reaction; RT-PCR = reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction.